Gary Brueggeman's The Roman Army

  • Trajectory calculator

    The fundamental formulas for the parabolic path of a missile can be entered into an Excel spreadsheet to product a Trajectory Calculator.  The actual spreadsheet... Read more
  • Description of the century and maniple

    The configuration for the century most frequently given is an arrangement of 10 files and 6 ranks with the files on 0.9m (3’) intervals and... Read more
  • The spacing of individual soldiers

    There is an ongoing question of the spacing required by legionaries. Vegetius says that each soldier required 1.83m (6’) of space. Most texts describe the... Read more
  • Alternative to gaps: The articulated phalanx

    Hans Delbrück presents a detailed analysis of the question of gaps in the line. He believes that the description in Livy should be regarded as... Read more
  • The Republican army’s skirmish position

    The following schematic shows two pre-Marian armies of four legions each with thin lines of skirmishers deployed in front of each army. In the early ... Read more
  • Alternatives to gaps: closing and re-opening them

    Peter Connolly, in his book Greece and Rome at War, describes how the legion closed the gaps between units by having the rear centuries move... Read more
  • Gaps in the formation

    Following Livy and Polybius, many authors describe a legion formation with gaps between the maniples or cohorts equal to the width of the unit itself... Read more
  • Legion formations

    The Earliest Army The earliest Roman army is usually described as composed of about 1,000 men per tribe drawn in 100 man levies. The soldiers... Read more
  • Introduction

    Purpose The Roman Legion represented a unique tactical formation that proved superior to all other ancient armies. Among the elements that contributed to is superiority... Read more

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