Ancient Warfare XVI.2

Format:Print edition
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When did the phalanx become the fully-developed formation we imagine? In this issue of Ancient Warfare, we explore the various changes and developments in the seventh through fifth centuries BC that eventually led to the emergence of the 'Classical' Greek hoplite.

Theme: The coming of the hoplite

  • Roel Konijnendijk, 'The rise of the Greek heavy spearman - Going hoplite'.
  • Sean Manning, 'The development of Greek swords in the Archaic Age - The cutting edge'.
  • Murray Dahm, 'Hoplite against hoplite at the Battle of Delium, 424 BC - Enemies of old'.
  • Alexander Howard, 'Combat motivations of the classical hoplite - Tremble or assemble'.
  • Myke Cole, 'The decline of hoplite armour - Arrows and bronze'.


  • Corrado Re, 'The panoply of a Roman consul, 218 - 201 BC - Dressed to impress'.
  • Mike Dobson, 'The environmental impact of ancient sieges - Ancient toilet warfare'.
  • Jo Ball, 'A military food purchase from Vindolanda - Bacon and pork fat'.
  • William Matthews, 'Divination and military decision-making - Resolving doubts'.
  • Mark McCaffery, 'Swords stirring the air - The spatha'. 
  • Duncan B Campbell, 'Evidence for camel riders in the Roman army - The Dromedarii'.

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